State Background Check Requirements -- Small Family Child Care Homes

How Does Your State Stack Up?

Background Check Requirements for Small Family Child Care Homes*

                                                                             WHAT is Checked                                                    WHO is checked
State State Finger- prints Federal Finger- prints Criminal records check Child abuse registry Sex offender registry Juvenile records check Licensed FCC Provider Subs and Assts Family member 12+ Exempt provider receiving subsidy (Criminal) Exempt provider receiving subsidy (Abuse)
Alabama Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No
Alaska Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Arizona Yes No Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes No
Arkansas No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
California Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Colorado* Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Delaware Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Department of Defense No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
District of Columbia Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Florida Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Georgia Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes No
Hawaii Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Idaho NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Illinois Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Iowa NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Kansas No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Kentucky No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Maine No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No
Maryland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
Massachusetts No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No
Michigan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Minnesota No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Missouri No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes
Montana No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Nebraska No No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nevada Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No
New Hampshire Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
New Jersey NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
New York Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No
North Carolina Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
North Dakota Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Ohio NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Oklahoma No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Pennsylvania No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Rhode Island Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Carolina Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
South Dakota NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Tennessee Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Texas No No Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Utah Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Vermont No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Virginia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Washington* Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
West Virginia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Wisconsin No No Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Wyoming No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes

Updated May 23, 2011

Source: For WHAT is checked: Leaving Children to Chance: NACCRRA's Ranking of State Standards and Oversight of Small Family Child Care Homes, 2010 Update

Source: For WHO is checked: Individual state 2010-2011 CCDF Plan Reports.

Notes: A small family child care home is a child care setting in which up to six children, including those of the provider under age 6, are cared for in the home of the provider for compensation.

NA: Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Ohio, South Dakota and Virginia do not license small family child care homes as defined above by NACCRRA. In some of these states, a family child care home is not licensed until the number of children cared for reaches what NACCRRA defines as a Large Family Child Care Home. Louisiana and New Jersey license family child care homes as centers. In New Jersey, homes with six or more children are licensed as a center. In Louisiana, homes with seven or more children are licensed as a center. For more information, see the summary table on regulations for Large Family Child Care Homes.

*This change took place after the release of NACCRRA's We Can Do Better: 2011 Update report.
Colorado will require a fingerprint criminal records check against state and federal records for those hired on or after August 10, 2011.
Washington will require a fingerprint criminal records check against state and federal records for those hired after July 1, 2012.